Children prepare to read long before they enter school – early literacy is everything children know about reading and writing before they can actually read and write. Early literacy is a baby who chews on a book, a toddler who wants his favorite book read over and over, and a preschooler who “reads” the story to you from memory.

Early literacy skills begin to develop in the first 5 years of life. We used to think that a child’s success with reading depended on getting the “right” first grade teacher. Now we know that a child’s likelihood for success in first grade depends on how much he or she has learned about reading before entering school.  Your child’s early experiences with books and language build the foundation for success in learning to read.

Early literacy is not the “teaching” of reading.

Parents hear many times that they are their child’s first and best teacher. This is true. But it’s not your job to teach reading in a formal sense. The most important thing you can do to foster early literacy is provide an atmosphere that’s fun, verbal and stimulating, not school-like. The focus should not be on teaching, but on the fun you’re having with your child — offer your child plenty of opportunities to talk and be listened to, to read and be read to, and to sing and be sung to.

No rote memorization, no flashcards, no workbooks and no drills are necessary. Children who are exposed to interactive literacy-rich environments full of fun opportunities to learn language will develop early literacy skills.

You are the key to your child’s success in learning to read. When you read, talk or play with your child, you’re stimulating the growth of your child’s brain and building the connections that will become the building blocks for reading. Brain development research shows that reading aloud to your child every day increases his or her brain’s capacity for language and literacy skills and is the most important thing you can do to prepare your child for learning to read.

Why is early literacy important?  Experts now know that:

  • The development of language and literacy skills begins at birth.
  • Children develop much of their capacity for learning in the first three years of life, when their brains grow to 90 percent of their eventual adult weight.

Our goal at the Herr Memorial Library is to encourage all adults who have significant contact with young children to talk and read with them to help them succeed both in school and life.

Click below for downloadable early literacy information:

Easy Things You Can Do at Home to Raise Readers and Writers

A Parent’s Guide to Emergent Literacy from Birth to 2 Years

A Parent’s Guide to Emergent Literacy from 3 to 5 Years